1、 Task source
According to the office of national standards committee According to the requirements of the notice of the general office of the Ministry of Commerce on printing and distributing the cleaning and integration of cold chain circulation standards of agricultural products (sbbsl  No. 16) and the notice of the general office of the Ministry of Commerce on Issuing the 2017 circulation industry standard project plan (sblch  No. 232), the relevant experts of the circulation industry promotion center of the Ministry of Commerce and Beijing Deqingyuan Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. constitute the bid The quasi drafting group and the standard drafting group investigated the significance, feasibility, social and economic benefits of the standard, and revised the technical specification for clean egg circulation (sb / T 10640-2011) through analysis and demonstration. This standard is the basic standard in the cold chain circulation of fresh eggs. It is of great significance to stabilize and improve the quality of eggs in the circulation process, promote the healthy development of the egg industry, and improve the food safety of eggs and egg products.
2、 Industry development overview
Our country is rich in fresh egg resources and various kinds, which is a big country in production and consumption. Since the reform and opening up, China's fresh egg production has increased rapidly. Since 1985, China's egg production has ranked first in the world. It has maintained the status of the world's largest egg producing country for more than 30 years in a row, with per capita share exceeding the world average. In 2016, China's egg production exceeded 30 million tons, with a total of 30.94 million tons, and the total output value of the egg industry was nearly 300 billion yuan.
China's egg breeding is still characterized by small scale, large population and wide distribution, but it is developing rapidly in the direction of scale, intensification and regionalization, especially in recent years, the pressure of environmental protection policies has promoted the development of this trend, at the same time, the development of scale, intensification and regionalization has also brought new challenges to the long-distance transportation of fresh eggs.
In the aspect of fresh egg consumption, the consumption of raw shell eggs is the main one. Half of the world ago, the United States, Canada and Europe began to clean, disinfect, grade and package eggs. At present, the United States accounts for about 33%, Europe for 20% - 30%, and Japan for 50%. In China, the primary processing of fresh egg cleaning, disinfection, grading and packaging started late, but developed rapidly. At present, the market share is about 5%. At present, fresh egg cleaning, disinfection, grading, packaging and sales are the main development direction of egg industry in China.
In terms of fresh egg logistics and transportation, cold chain logistics is adopted in the United States, the European Union, South Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, China and other places, and refrigerated cabinets are mainly used in supermarkets. In China, the transportation of fresh eggs is mainly based on the basket type normal temperature storage and transportation. The biggest problem of this transportation mode is that the loss is large and the product quality can not be guaranteed. Especially in the hot summer, the product quality problems caused by the damage and deterioration of eggs are seriously complained by consumers, and at the same time, there are great hidden dangers of food safety.
With the development of economy and the improvement of people's living standard, people put forward higher requirements for product quality, which requires freshness, safety and no pollution. In order to alleviate the pressure of the food industry, improve the competitiveness of the food industry, ensure the high freshness, nutrition and safety of food, and meet the needs of customers, the cold chain logistics of food is the last key step to ensure the food from the farm to the dining table. At present, China's cold chain transportation and logistics industry has also been developing rapidly. At present, some domestic enterprises have begun to use cold chain logistics to transport fresh eggs, such as Deqingyuan, Zhengda and Shengli music.
The cold chain circulation of fresh eggs is the future development direction. It is of great significance to formulate the standard of cold chain circulation of fresh eggs for guiding the development of cold chain circulation industry of fresh eggs, reducing the loss in the transportation of fresh eggs, improving the quality of fresh egg products, ensuring food safety, standardizing the market of fresh eggs, meeting the needs of consumers and increasing foreign trade in line with international standards,
3、 Working process
In the process of drafting the standard, the following work was mainly carried out:
(1) Establish standard drafting group
The standard drafting group includes the professional technical personnel of the circulation industry promotion center of the Ministry of Commerce, the enterprise standardization development personnel of Beijing Deqingyuan agricultural science and Technology Co., Ltd., the standard drafting group composed of R & D personnel, quality management personnel and technical personnel, responsible for the research, collection, sorting and preparation of standard information.
(2) Information research and data collection
The relevant standard materials at home and abroad are searched
(3) Drafting of the first draft of the standard
On August 4, 2017, the standard drafting group invited industry experts to hold a standard kick-off meeting in Beijing. At the meeting, the standard drafting group and the expert group discussed and determined the preparation framework of the standard according to the collected information and the market circulation of shell and egg. After the meeting, the drafting group drafted the first draft of the standard according to the standard framework.
(4) Standard draft
On November 2, 2017, the standard drafting group invited industry experts to hold a discussion meeting on the first draft of the standard in Beijing. At the meeting, the drafting group introduced the preparation process and basis, the experts at the meeting discussed the preparation of the first draft item by item, and put forward relevant modification opinions. According to the modification opinions, the drafting group revised the standard and formed the standard draft for comments.
(5) Standard consultation
In order to make the standard effectively regulate the egg market in our country, on April 16, 2018, we asked for public opinions, sent 13 units in total, and collected 11 opinions from 3 units, including 7 adopted and 4 not adopted. 8 units have no comments.
(6) Standard draft for review
On the basis of collecting and summarizing the opinions, the Standardization Working Group carefully considered and analyzed the suggestions put forward, selected and adopted some of them, modified the standard draft for comments, and formed the standard draft for review.
(7) Standard draft for approval
On XX, XXXX, the circulation industry promotion center of the Ministry of Commerce organized domestic egg experts to review this standard, and the review team put forward XX effective opinions on this standard.
4、 Main technical content
（1） Revision principles of standards
The revision of this standard persisted in its advanced nature, scientificity, universality and operability. In the process of revision, referring to the standards of Europe and America and other countries, combined with the production, packaging, circulation and sales of fresh eggs in China, based on the conditions of our country, we strengthened operability and improved the application of the standard. In addition, we should try our best to keep in line with the current relevant standards. In the process of compilation, we should adhere to high standards, strict requirements, and draw on the strengths of many families. No matter in the process of data collection, literature query, or data analysis, we should treat every link in the process of standard designation with a scientific and rigorous attitude, highlight the scientificity and applicability, respect the opinions of experts from the same industry at home, and strive to improve the quality of standard compilation.
（2） Basis for determining technical contents
5、 Expected analysis of economic and social benefits after implementation (expected economic effect)
(1) It is beneficial to regulate the egg market and ensure fair competition among egg production enterprises, so as to protect the interests of consumers.
(2) It is beneficial to promote egg production enterprises to improve product quality, enhance product quality reputation, and improve economic benefits.
(3) It is conducive to promoting the egg market in line with international standards, enhancing international competitiveness and increasing foreign trade.
(4) It is beneficial to promote the development of production technology of shell and egg grading packaging and the integration of egg industry in China.
6、 The degree of adopting international standards and foreign advanced standards, as well as the comparison with international and foreign similar standards, or the comparison with the relevant data of the tested foreign samples and prototypes;
During the revision process of the standard, some foreign relevant standards were consulted, such as the UNECE standard "edible hen egg in shell No.1" (2009) (2010) of the European Union and the egg grading manual USDA of the United States. These standards mainly made product quality requirements for some nodes in the circulation process. During the revision process, the reference to these standards also considered the domestic current egg products The actual situation of the industry.
7、 The relationship between current laws and regulations and compulsory national standards in China
The standard of cold chain circulation of fresh eggs conforms to the relevant current laws, regulations and mandatory national standards, and there is no conflict.
8、 Other matters to be explained